Garden & Home garden: Definition, Classification and Parts

People loves to keep their homes or other areas beautiful. Gardening is one of the popular idea to decorated any place or area. In this “Garden & Home garden: Definition, Classification and Parts” article, I am sharing Garden definition and classification, Home Garden definition and classification, Types of Home Garden, Parts of Home Garden and Selection of Plants for Home Garden. I have already discuss about Classification of Flowers and Ornamental Plants in my previous post which is helpful for making a home garden.

Garden & Home garden: Definition, Classification and Parts

Garden & Home garden: Definition, Classification and Parts

Garden Definition

 – A Garden may be defined as an enclosed area where plants like fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants are intensively cultivated.

– Depending on the necessity a garden can be developed for specific purposes such as for growing fruits, vegetables or flowers and ornamental or mixture of all.

– A garden may be developed around a home, in front of an institution and also in public places like parks.

Types of Garden

– There are two forms of garden:

i) Formal garden and ii) Informal garden

i) Formal garden

– The formal gardens are geometrically symmetric and obviously imposed on the landscape by man.

– They are characterized by straight lines, by regular curves and by symmetrical balance.

– Many of the plants used are likely to be highly developed products of plant  breeders choice e.g., hybrid roses and the plants may be trained to artificial shapes to form strictly sheared hedges, archways and espaliers. Many of the plants are exotic origin.

– Accessories to formal garden, such as masonry features, paving, seats, fountains,  statues, and the lake should be sophisticated.

– Scrupulous neatness and tidiness are needed to maintain a formal garden.

ii) Informal garden

– Informal gardens are asymmetric and naturalistic.

– An impression is obtained in such a garden that here man has not relentlessly imposed his wishes.

– Asymmetric balance and irregular curves of natural appearance are its characters.

– The plants used will be to a large extent of native origin, but in some cases exotic plants can also be carefully included in such gardens.

– The plants shall not always be pruned to artificial shapes. Trees and  shrubs that fit well into the local natural landscape should predominate.

Home Garden Definition

– An ornamental garden specially prepared just for the beautification of a residential house, can ideally be called as a home garden.

– There are basic guidelines for a home landscape. But personal preference plays a considerable role in developing a home garden.

– The home including its surroundings should be an outward expression of the inner personality and individuality of the owner.

Garden & Home garden: Definition, Classification and Parts

Types of Home Garden

Home garden is also two types viz., Formal and Informal.

– Before drawing the master plan the following points should be kept in mind in home landscaping.

  1. Basic thoughts in planning garden

– The garden is to be created on the basis of owners basic thinking.

– There should have his thought’s reflection on the placement of trees, shrubs, climbers, seasonal flowers, orchid, fern and establishment of lawn, hedge or shrubbery etc.

2. View from inside of the house

– This is an important aspect of home gardening.

– The view of the garden should be as such that it can be seen from inside of the house, from drawing room in particular.

– A beautiful and attractive flower ornamental plant should be placed in the centre of the focal point

3. Variety and suspense

– Variety is the part of attraction of the garden which gives pleasure to the inmates of the house.

– It should be so that the whole garden does not come into view at a time. It should have suspense at different turns and bends i.e., addition of some new things like slopes, water streams or a number of big rocks.

– Slopes on the south west may be used for rockery. On the other hand orchids or evergreen shrubberies may be placed on the north eastern side.

4. Density of planting

– The garden should not be too crowded with plants. Excess planting beyond the need should be avoided.

– Plants may be replaced but not a fresh planting should be allowed.

– It is the botanical garden where plant density is encouraged but not in a home garden.

5. Planning about color

– The garden becomes attractive by incorporating different colors. But indiscriminate use of color is not desirable..

– Among the colors there are some primary colors such as red, blue and yellow. In between these color are termed as intermediate such as violet, green and orange.

– Again on the basis of feelings color is grouped into warm e.g., red, orange, and yellow and cold e.g., violet, blue and green. Neutral color includes black, white or mixture of these two colors i.e., grey color.

– Arrangement of deep color with a light background and vice-versa gives a sweet feelings and a soothing effect.

– Therefore, color and contrast is very important.

6. Regarding fragrance

– Fragrance plays an important role in a garden as colors do.

– During the selection of annual flowers or shrubs or trees , plants which bear fragrant flowers are to be selected e.g., Mitchelia(swarnachampa), Glory of Japan, Chinabox, Rose, Jasmines, Tuberose, Magnolia, 4 O clock flower.

7. Spacing

– During planting it should be kept in mind that how much area would be covered by that full grown plant and planting should be done accordingly.

– This will help plant not to put shade on each other and interplant competition for nutrition, moisture and light could be avoided.

8. Area for fruits and vegetables

– A kitchen garden should be there in a home garden where fruits and vegetables are to be grown for meeting up the demand of the family members of the house.

– An area of 300sq.m is enough to supply vegetable for a four member family.

– The number of fruit trees to be planted will depend on the availability of the land.

9. Source of water and tool shed

– An easy source of water and arrangement should be there in a home garden.

– A tool shed should be there in a home garden for keeping garden implements, fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation materials etc.

10. Plant selection

– This is an important aspect of a  home garden.

– Plants are to be selected on the basis of local adaptation. Those are adaptable to local climate and environment should be selected.

– The size of the area and type of plants both are to be taken into consideration during plant selection. This is to be practiced in selecting fruits and vegetables for the garden.

– Before any actual garden work is undertaken a master plan has to be prepared according to a scale ( 1:15 or 1:20 ) in which all the features such as a house wall, drive-way, paths, flower beds, shrubberies etc. are plotted.

– Any possible shaded areas due to a large tree or the building itself has to be marked on the plan.

Parts of Home Garden

– A home garden should have three parts. They are –

  1. a) Public area ; b) Service area ; and c) Private area

a) Public area

– It is the largest area of the home garden. This is the area in between the street and the house. The front yard is also included in this area.

– This area is made attractive to give a good impression about the house and its inhabitants.

– The aim is to harmonize or blend the surroundings with the house proper.

– The approach area should not be overcrowded with large trees.

– It is better to have doorway or “foundation” planting with low growing shrubs and evergreens.

– Floribunda and miniature roses are also suitable for foundation planting provided sufficient sun, at least during the morning hours is available.

– It is important to note that planting in front of house should neither obscure it nor cut off light and air nor block the windows thus obstructing view of the garden from indoors.

– Big trees, if space permits, can go to the backyard.

– A few low growing trees can be accommodated at the appropriate place as next  to entrance, somewhere in the front lawn.

– An open spacious lawn with some annuals or herbaceous perennials can be planted in addition to the foundation planting.

b) Service area

– Wherever feasible this area should be situated at the back of the house.

– This area includes kitchen garden, dustbin, nursery, tool shed and garage.

– Some people like to include children’s swing and the slide in this area as they can be taken care from the kitchen.

– This should be separated from view by planting a thick hedge or a row of bushy shrubs.

c) Private area

– In the western countries, this is generally termed as the out door living area, where people sit out to enjoy the sun or rest in the shade of the tree.

– This area should be easily approachable and visible from the drawing room, screened from unsightly objects and for privacy there should be shaded  sitting spots such as tree with garden benches.

– A wide stretch of lawn with shrub border or few annual beds or a rose garden can also be included in this section.

– If there is enough space a Tennis court or a Badminton court or a  play ground should be included here.

Selection of Plants for Home Garden

– The first basic rule for plant selection is to create all important design features with trees, shrubs and other plants that are reliably hardy.

– Soil and location for prospective planting should be realistically appraised.

– Evergreen trees and shrubs adapted to the climate may be given priority as they are effective in all season.

– However, the following plants may be planted orderly in the garden depending on the factors concerned.

  1. Evergreen trees ( shade trees ): Mango, Litchi, Jamun, Carambola.
  2. Ornamental non-flowering trees: Thuja, Aurocaria, Pine.
  3. Flowering shrubs: Rose, China rose, Cape jasmine, Rangan, China box.
  4. Non-flowering shrubs: Croton.
  5. Flowering climbers: Bougainvillea, Madhabilata, Allamanda, Jhumkolata, Malatilata, Kunjalata, Aparajita.
  6. Summer flowers: Balsam, Cock’s comb, Globe amaranth, Tube rose, Day lily, Zinnia, Beli, Jui, Chameli, Nayantara, Allmanda.
  7.    Winter flowers: Chrysanthemum, Dahlia, Cosmos, Dianthus Aster, Marigold, Poppy, Rose, Snap dragon, Phlox, Calendula, Lupin
  8. Year round flowers: Zinnia, Sunflower, Glory of Japan, Nayantara.
  9. Hedge plant: Duranta, China box, Ixora, Caranda, Kantamehedi




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