Floriculture Production Practices in Bangladesh

Floriculture production practices is increasing day by day in the world. Bangladesh is one of the greenest and a promising countries of the world. But unfortunately many of its natural resources have never been seriously exploited neither to meet up the aesthetic demand of the people of the country nor about its potentiality for export and earning foreign currency. I am sharing today about Floriculture Production Practices in Bangladesh, retail price of flowers, Marketing status of flower and Export situation in this “Floriculture Production Practices in Bangladesh” article.

Floriculture production practices in Bangladesh

Floriculture production practices in Bangladesh

– The history of floriculture in Bangladesh may be old but flower business is not older than a decade.

– Flower cultivation was started commercially from the 80’s in Jhikargachha upazilla of Jessore district.

– Afterward it was extended to Jessore Sadar, Sharsha and Chowgachha upazilla as well as Kushtia, Chuadanga and Satkhira districts.

– The increase in area under floriculture and enthusiasm of the growers revealed the potentiality of the industry.

– The employment generation for both men and women are increasing with the increase in area at about 15.79% per year under floriculture industry.

– Considering the higher capital mobilization and profit margin from floriculture compared to other field crops, the high lands of Dhaka, Chittgong, Jessore, Cox’s Bazar, Chuadanga, Jhenidah, Kushtia, Bogra, Rangpur, Mymensingh has the potentiality to expand the industry

– The market growth and market size of floriculture over all Bangladesh revealed the potentiality of its further extension.

– With this background floriculture in Bangladesh is rising.

– The name of flowers and their main production centers shown here –

Name of flower and main production center in Bangladesh

  • Tuberose : Jessore (Sharasha, Chaugacha, Jhikargacha), savar ,Satkhira, Bogra, Comilla, Chittagong.
  • Rose: Gazipur ( Kapasia, Salna, Kaliakair, ) Savar, Jessore, Dhaka, Satkhira, Dinajpur.
  • Gladiolus:  Dhaka, Jessore, Gazipur, (Sreepur, Kaliakair).
  • Chrysanthemum, Hedychium, Aster, Carnation, Chinese : Savar, (Dhamrai, Nabinagar, Sadullahpur) Gazipur ( Kapasia) Bogra, Narayanganj.
  • Dahlia, Calendula: Dhaka, Savar, Gazipur, Bogra.
  • Marigold, Jasmines: Narayanganj, Jessore, Savar.
  • Lily, Diamond, Grass flower:  Narshingdi, Savar.
  • Orchid: Dhaka, Gazipur, Savar, Mymensingh.

 

– In Bangladesh fresh cut flower business is a very new concept.

– In late 80’s only a few shops were opened in Dhaka city for selling fresh cut flower.

– Now fresh cut flowers are sold in most of the city and district even upazilla towns of Bangladesh.

– Flowers are daily auctioned in the morning at Shahbag Avenue  in Dhaka.

– Dhaka is the main center of flower business in Bangladesh.

– A large number of flower shops have been developed in and around Dhaka city which can give a picture of present flower market situation.

– In Dhaka, flower shops are two types, i) Permanent, and ii) Temporary.

– It is estimated that there are more than 100 permanent and 450 temporary shops in Dhaka metropolitan city.

– Individual business of each shop ranges between Tk. 3000 – 6000 even more.

– This indicates that aesthetic sense of people is increasing as the standard of living is increasing.

– Rose, Gladiolus, Tuberose, Dahlia, Marigold, Gerbera, Beli, Dolanchampa are the examples of some important cut flowers have high demand in the inland markets.

– This is also important for international market.

– The retail price of cut flower, garland of loose flower, floral arrangement and bouquets in Dhaka markets are shown here

Marketing status of flower in Bangladesh:

Retail price of some flowers:

The Floral arrangement and bouquets in Dhaka and near Dhaka market-

  • Name of flower                Price in Tk.
  • Rose                                                      5 – 10 /Stick
  • Gerbera                                              20 – 25/Stick
  • Tuberose (Single)                                3 – 5 /Stick
  • Tuberose(Double)                               5 – 10/Stick
  • Marigold                                               2 – 3/pc
  • Gladiolus ( Red)                                   8 – 10/Stick
  • Gladiolus (Other than red)              10 – 12/Stick
  • Jasmines (Off season)                         5 – 10/Garland
  • Jasmines (Sea son)                               2 – 5/Garland
  • Bouquet                                               200 – 500/pc
  • Floral wreath                                      150 – 250/pc

– There is a high demand of fresh flower and pot plants in Europe, America, Japan and Middle East.

– The important flowers and ornamental plants which have high demand in the world market can easily be grown in Bangladesh at a low cost.

Export situation:

The Export situation of flower in Bangladesh are as following-

Export potentialities of some flowers from Bangladesh

  • Tuberose Cut flower
  • Gladiolus                     Cut flower
  • Orchid                          Cut flower
  • Chrysanthemum        Cut flower
  • Gerbera                        Cut flower
  • Lily                                Cut flower
  • – During the fiscal year 2003 – 2004 and 2004 – 2005 flowers worth of $765 and $7339 respectively were exported to different countries.
  • –  Elaborate scenario of export of cut flower to different countries is given below.

Export of cut flower ( US$ )

  • Countries          2004 – 2005           2005 – 2006              2006 – 2007
  • Belgium                    11                            35                             38
  • Canada                    13                            24                             65
  • Germany                  28                            61                             55
  • India                         46                             –                           2987
  • Italy                        105                           1278                      2193
  • Pakistan               1576                         1518                        1568
  • Saudi Arabia         3341                         11694                    17295
  • UAE                          26                              65                           13
  • UK                        1816                           6264                         842

– Very recently Bangladesh Govt. has included flowers in the export policy. This will surely open a new avenue for the flower growers of Bangladesh to develop export oriented floral industry.

One thought on “Floriculture Production Practices in Bangladesh

  • October 7, 2016 at 8:42 am
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    Dear Admin
    please share details how can we add with this floriculture institute as i want to be a successful flower gardener. So need to contact with you for details.

    Munira Akter

    Reply

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