Floriculture is a most important and broad parts of Horticulture. It is a studying of science where discuss all about flowers and ornamental plants cultivation and management process. You will learn about Floriculture Definition, Importance of Floriculture, Scope of Floriculture and Present Status of Floriculture in Bangladesh from this “Floriculture: Definition, Importance, Scope and Present Status” post.
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Floriculture: Definition, Importance, Scope and Present Status
Floriculture may be defined as the branch of Horticulture which deals with the culture and management of flowers and ornamental plants.
– It has been derived from two words ‘flor’ means flower and ‘cultura’ means cultivation.
– But now in addition to flower other ornamental plants are also included in floriculture.
Importance of Floriculture
– As Floriculture deals with the culture of flowers and ornamental plants, it has great importance in our daily life as well as national economy.
-General importance of flower
- Flowers help getting out of illness through psychological enchantment.
- Flower gardens increase beauty of the house or an institution.
- Scent and perfumes are extracted from the fragrance of flowers e.g., Rose water, Atar.
- It is the source of incentive to the poets and writers.
- Flower is a national symbol. Water lily (white) Nymphaea nouchali is the national flower of Bangladesh.
- Flower increases the aesthetic sense of human being and satisfies demand of heart feelings.
- Its beauty and fragrance give happiness to all irrespective of age and wealth.
- It is the principal component of public functions and anniversaries and also extensively used for decoration.
- Flower gardening is a good medium of passing leisure time and help keeping good health.
-Economic importance of flower production
- Perfume industries can be established in the country which can help improving national economy.
- Flowers can be a source of earning huge foreign currency by exporting them.
- Flowers can be considered as a commercial commodity. Commercial flower production may be helpful in increased earning of the grower.
- Establishment of flower production farms and perfume industries can help solving unemployment problem to a large extent.
- It provides scope to bring more unused land under flower cultivation.
Scope of flower cultivation
- Potted foliage and flowering plants are less perishable and has advantage over cut flowers. As most of the important foliage and flowering plants are native to the tropical region, they can successfully be grown in Bangladesh as well as for export from Bangladesh.
- Bangladesh has a very good potentiality to become an important supplier of flower and ornamental plants to different countries of Asia, Middle East and Europe.
- The agro climatic condition is well suited for growing many flowers and foliage plants in Bangladesh.
- Since Floriculture is a new industry in Bangladesh it has a tremendous scope to develop.
- Bonsai culture is a recent development in the field of floriculture in Bangladesh. In bonsai culture a large tree is transformed into a miniature form giving a lucrative look. Such plants have heavy demand in the society though they are expensive. To meet up local demand and for export many bonsai making farms can be established.
- v) Cactus is a high valued ornamental crop sold in plant nurseries and shops. Some progressive nurserymen and amateurs are trying to make special types of plants like grafted cactus and bonsai in small scale. This gives a hope for trade in Floriculture.
- vi) Tissue culture technology can be exploited for developing quality seedling in many flower spp. in order to get local as well as international market.
- There is a high demand of fresh flower and pot plants in Europe, America, Japan, Holland and Middle East. Very recently Bangladesh Govt. has included flowers in the export policy. As such those flowers suitable for export such as rose, gladiolus, gerbera, tuberose, marigold, orchid etc. can easily be produced for this purpose.
Present status of Floriculture in Bangladesh
- The total area under floriculture in Bangladesh is estimated to range from 4250 to 4570 ha.
- Of which 3210 to 3450 ha of land is occupied by different flowers and approximate acreage under nursery producing ornamental plants was found to be 1040 to 1120 ha.
- Among the flowers grown in Bangladesh Rose, Tuberose, Gladiolus, Marigold, Gerbera and Jasmines is the main.
- Different ornamental plants are: Croton, Rangan, Thuja, Palms, Aurocaria, Musaenda, Cactus, Ferns, Dracaena, China box, Century plant, Bromeliads, Hydrangea etc.
- Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Jessore, Chuadanga, Jhenidah, Bogra, Rangpur, Kushtia and Mymensingh are the major production belts of flowers.
- The other places like Barisal, Panchagarh, Gazipur, Khulna, Manikganj, Khagrachhari, Bandarban, Dinajpur, Rangamati and Tangail have started cultivating flowers.
- The major production belts of ornamental plants are Chittagong, Natore, Khulna, Pirojpur, Dhaka and Mymensingh regions. The other places such as Chapai Nawabgonj, Rajshahi, Gazipur, Tangail, Bandarban, Rangamati and Khagrachhari are also considered to be prospective for producing ornamental plants.
- Approximately 1200 to 1500 traders are involved in flower business.
- Dhaka, Chittagong, Jessore, Feni, Rangpur, Natore, Bogra,and Mymensingh are the major markets of floriculture products.
- The number of flower shops has been increasing in different City/District towns of the country.
- Presently even at Upazilla level the flower shops are available for flower business With the increase in flower shops, the market size is also increasing.
- Presently the annual turn out in the whole sale market in Bangladesh is more than Tk. 1000 million.
- Roughly about 100,000 to 120,000 people are either directly or indirectly involved in floriculture industry.