Fruit is the major sources of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. An adult should consume at least 85g fruit every day for meeting up the demand for vitamins and minerals. But in Bangladesh, only 38g is available for consumption. In India it is 43g. Bangladesh should increase its production by 1.14 million ton. In this “Define Fruit with Fruit Classification in Different Ways” post, you will get fruit definition and all information about fruit classification.
Table of Contents
- 1 Define Fruit with Fruit Classification in Different Ways
- 2 Define Fruit:
- 3 Vitamins and minerals from fruit
- 4 Fruit Classification in Different Ways
Define Fruit with Fruit Classification in Different Ways
Fruit may be defined as a developed ovary or any other reproductive part(s) which is either eaten raw or in the cooked state as dessert mainly.
Vitamins and minerals from fruit
Vitamin – A: Mango, Papaya, Jackfruit, Hog plum, Muskmelon etc.
Vitamin – B 1 : Banana, Grape fruit, Cashew nut, Litchi, Date, Grape etc.
Vitamin B 2 : Wood apple, Papaya, Litchi, Pomegranate, Pineapple, Elephant apple etc.
Vitamin – C: Aonla, Lime, Lemon, Orange, Litchi, Pineapple etc.
Ca: Karanda, Cashew nut, Date, Aonla etc.
P: Litchi, Elephant apple, Banana, pomegranate etc.
Fe: Guava, Strawberry, Karanda, Date, Apple etc.
Fruit Classification in Different Ways
There are different types of fruit with the different test, color and shape. Fruits have been classified in different ways. They are:
On the basis of point of development
- Real fruit: Fruits developed following fertilization process is known as real fruit e.g., Mango, Jamun, Litchi, Lemon, Papaya etc.
- False fruit: Fruits developed from other parts after fertilization such as bract, receptacle or whole inflorescence is transformed into a fruit e.g., Apple, Pears, Jackfruit, Cashew nut, Chalta, Pineapple etc.
According to the role of flower and inflorescence
- Single fruit: When an ovary along with style is transformed into a fruit is known as single fruit e.g., Mango, Jamun, Coconut etc.
- Multiple or compound: When the whole inflorescence is transformed into fruit a single fruit is known as multiple or compound fruit e.g., Jackfruit, Pineapple etc. Cyconus fruit is developed from hypanthodium type of inflorescence e.g., Fig. Sorosis a compound fruit is formed with the entire inflorescence and flower stalk e.g., Jackfruit.
- Aggregate fruit: When fruits have many carpel and each carpel is transformed into a single fruit is known as aggregate fruit e.g., Custard apple, Bullock’s heart.
According to the texture of pericarp
Based on the thickness of the pericarp fruit is classified into
- Dry fruits: Pericarp of these fruits are thin, juiceless and becomes dry e.g., Almond, Apricot, Tamarind etc.
- Juicy fruits: Pericarp is juicy and easily perishable. They are again divided into five types-
- Drupe: Mango, Jujube
- Berry: Banana, Guava, Jamun, Rose apple etc.
- Pome: Apple, Pears
- Pepo: Watermelon, Muskmelon, Cucumber etc.
- Hespiridium: Orange, Lime, Lemon etc.
According to the growing season
- Mrigbahar: Flowers bloom during July – August e.g., Guava, Jujube
- Ambebahar: Flowering occurs during spring e.g., Mango, Litchi, Pineapple, Lemon, Sapota etc.
- Round the year: Flowering occurs more than once in a year e.g., Guava, Lemon coconut, Mango.
According to the growing regions of the world
- Tropical fruits: Fruits growing between the line of cancer and Capricorn e.g., Avocado, Mango, Date, Banana, coconut etc.
- Sub – Tropical fruits: Fruits growing in the regions between the tropics and the temperate zone are the sub – tropical fruits e.g., Guava, Pomegranate, Jujube, Olive, Orange, Fig etc.
- Temperate fruits: Fruits growing in the temperate region of the world. They thrive under the cold condition e.g., Apple, Pear, Peaches, Grape, Strawberry etc.
According to the growth habit of the fruit trees:
The fruit trees are grouped into two classes.
- Tree fruits: Fruits are grown on the big tree which has clear trunk fall under this group e.g., Mango, Jackfruit, Jamun etc.
- Vine and herbaceous fruits: Fruits growing on the vine and herbaceous plants having soft and succulent or prostrate or weak stem are in this group e.g., Banana, Pineapple, Papaya, Grape etc.