Ornamental plants are part of floriculture. They can be very attractive on gardens or landscape projects. The popularity of ornamental plants is increasing day by day. There are many Classification of Ornamental Plants in the world. Today I will share with you the Classification of Ornamental Plants in this post.
Table of Contents
Classification of Ornamental Plants
– The flower and ornamental plants are classified on the basis of different aspects. They are discussed below –
Classification based on growth habit
- Herb: The plants which have the soft and succulent stem and have no wood but will have fibers are known as herbaceous plants e.g., Marigold, Zinnia, Petunia, Dahlia, Hollyhock, Tuberose, Chrysanthemum, Cosmos, Corn flower, Periwinkle.
- Vine: The plants which have the weak stem and have the climbing or creeping stem that can not stand erectly without any support are termed as vine e.g., Bougainvillea, Honey suckle, Madhabi lata, Malati lata, Aparajita, Money plant, Kunja lata.
- Semi-shrub: The plants which are softly woody and bushy in nature are known as semi- shrub plant e.g., Areca palm, Bamboo, Royal palm.
- Shrub: These are medium size bushy plants with several hard and woody stem and bear a lot of branches from the base of the stem to present a bushy appearance without having any clear trunk e.g., Rose, China rose, Allamanda, Ixora, Mussaenda, Gardenia, Night jasmine, Changeable rose.
- Tree: The plants which have well defined woody branches with a clear trunk are called trees e.g., Pea cock, Kadamba, Shirish, Acacia, Bakul, Michelia, Magnolia, Ashoke, Camel’s foot, Ironwood tree.
Classification based on life cycle
- Annual: The plants which complete their life cycle within a year are known as annuals e.g., Dahlia, Cosmos, Marigold, Poppy, Dianthus, Cock’s comb, Chrysanthemum etc.
- Biennial: The plants which complete their life cycle more than one year and less than two years are known as biennials e.g., Tuberose, Gladiolus, Day lily etc.
- Perennial: The plants which do not die after completing their life cycle and continue to complete life cycle every year are termed as perennials e.g., Peacock flower, Ixora, Jasmine, Gardenia, Night jasmine etc.
Based on leaf characteristics of ornamental plants
- Evergreen ornamental plant: The plants which do not shed their leaves at any time of the year and bear leaves all the time through out the year is known as evergreen plants e.g., Thuja, Aurocaria, Pine, Croton etc.
- Deciduous ornamental plants: The plants which shed their leaves in a particular season of the year are called deciduous plants e.g., Peacock, Pagoda tree, Mussaenda etc.
Based on growing season
- Winter season flower: The flowers which are grown during the winter months i.e., the plants which are planted in September to December and produce flower from October to March are known as winter flower e.g., Dahlia, Chrysanthemum, Marigold, Cosmos, Dianthus, Aster, Holy hock, Poppy etc.
- Summer season flower: The plants which are planted in March to June and flower during the period from April to September are called summer season flower e.g., Cock’s comb, Balsam, Summer cosmos, Globe amaranth etc.
- All season flowers: Such type of flowers can be grown either in the summer or in the winter season e.g., Zinnia, Tuberose etc.
Classification based on uses
- Flowering trees: The trees which are well known for their beautiful flowers and are suitable for garden e.g., Pea cock flower, Cadamba, Bauhinia, May flower etc.
- Ornamental trees: The trees which are attractive for their beautiful leaves and branches e.g., Shirish, Eucalyptus, Mahogini etc.
- Flowering and ornamental shrubs: These are medium size bushy plants with several hard and woody stems having no clear trunk. They are again divided into three types.
i. Foliage shrubs: They are grown for their beautiful leaves e.g., Croton, Acalypha etc.
ii. Flowering shrubs: They are grown for their beautiful flower e.g., Rose, China rose, Ixora, Mussaenda, Allamanda, Night jasmine, Gardenia, Changeable rose etc.
iii. Hedge: These are a special type of shrubs planted closely in the border to develop into an enclosure for the protection of the garden e.g., Duranta, Kanta mehedi, China box etc.
- Lilies: The flowering plants which are propagated by the underground modified stem are called lilies e.g., Tuberose, Gladiolus, Dolanchampa, Day lily, Daffodil etc.
- Creepers and climbers: These type of plants have a weak and prostrate stem which either creep on the ground or climb with the help of their tendrils or twine along a support are known as creepers or climbers e.g., Ipomoea, Bougainvillea, Madhabilata, Aparajita, Jhumkolata, Allamanda, Money plant etc.
- The Palms: The plants under the family Palmaceae are called palms. They have long stem having no branch with a bushy leaf top e.g., Areca palm, Bottle palm, Fan leaved palm, Fish tail palm, Cabbage palm, Coconut palm, Date palm etc.
- The conifers: The plants which bear spine and needle like leaves and belong to the family Coniferae are called conifers e.g., Thuja, Aurocaria, Pine, Tamarix, Cypress, Junipress etc.
- Orchid: The plants of this group belong to the family Orchidaceae. The plants are mainly parasites grow on dead plants or plants, some even grow on ground e.g., Vanda, Cattleya, Vanilla, Dendrobium orchid, Fox tail orchid, Spider orchid, Cymbidium orchid etc.
- Fern: These are non-flowering herbaceous plants belong to the family Polypodiaceae. Their position in the plant kingdom is under Cryptogam. They grow in humid and shady place e.g., Sword fern, Maiden hair fern, Asplenium, Gleichenia, Pteris, Trichomanes etc.
- Aquatic ornamental plants: These are beautiful plants which are hydrophytic in nature grown in ponds or marshy lands e.g., Water lily, Lotus, Giant lily, Water hyacinth etc.